The Hawaiian "kakau" tattoo served as ornamentation and distinction of heritage; but also guarded their health and spiritual well being. In ancient Hawaii, the "kakau" secrets wre closely guarded and mostly died with the "Kahunas" (ancient Hawaiian Medicine Man}. There are pictures of the ancient Hawaiian tattoo, which depict motifs of the "peahi niu" the crescent fan, "niho mano" shark tooth, "papa konane" checker board design, goats, domino moti, circles and important dates. Men were tattooed on their legs, arms, face and torso. Women were also tattooed, with most of the work on their fingers, hands, wrists and chest.